Leadership in the Leaderless Uprisings

tahrir,al jazeera,flag,egypt

I was reading Evgeny Morozov’s essay in Bookforum, “How Much Did Social Media contribute to Revolution in the Middle East.” In it, he says the following as regards an argument Malcolm Gladwell had made.

“To refute ([his argument] that the Internet can be an effective tool for political change when used by grassroots organizations as opposed to atomized individuals), cyber-utopians would need to establish that there was no coordination of these protests by networks of grassroots activists—with leaders and hierarchies—who have forged strong ties (online or offline or both) prior to the protests.”